Muhammad Abdul Wahab


Muhammad Abdul WahabMuhammad Abdul Wahab is currently working as a consultant with the Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Pakistan. Previously he was associated with the Planning Commission of Pakistan as an economist.

Papers Published in World Economics:

Human Resource Development (HRD) and Foreign Remittances

This study tries to document linkages between HRD, migration and remittances in South Asia. We have explained in detail the various channels through which HRD promotes migration and remittances, and a case has been made not to consider this process as brain drain – rather it should be viewed by public policy practitioners as brain circulation which can in turn result not just in increased foreign exchange reserves but also increased prospects for transfer of technology and creative ideas. Econometric results suggest that infant mortality, gross primary school enrolment and real per capita GDP have a negative relationship with remittance inflows in South Asia, whereas gross tertiary school enrolment and access to financial instruments have a positive relationship with remittances in these countries. The result indicates that higher levels of education facilitate mobility of labour and allow better opportunities for working abroad.

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Foreign Assistance and Economic Growth

This paper examines the relationship between foreign assistance and economic growth for the period 1972 to 2010. Past literature indicates that, due to low domestic resource mobilisation, Pakistan had to resort to various forms of foreign assistance on a regular basis. Using time series data since 1972 and employing statistical tests we show that foreign assistance in the absence of macroeconomic stabilisation and structural reforms has a negative relationship with real per capita GDP. However, national savings as percentage of GDP show a positive relationship with real per capita GDP. Pakistan has a long history of dependence on multilateral and bilateral development partners. Over the decades the share of grants as percentage of total foreign assistance has declined, forcing the country to procure loans at harsh conditionalities. Given the positive impact of national savings on economic growth there is an urgent need for improving the tax base, promoting instruments that encourage savings culture in the private sector and attracting remittances from abroad. These increased savings would then have to be channelled towards productive investments, which in turn require pro-market reforms.

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