Arne Melchior

Arne Melchior holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Oslo. He is currently heading the Section for International Economics at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs. His research has focused on international economics, international trade and trade policy, and economic geography. For details, see:

Papers Published in World Economics:

Global Income Inequality
Author: Arne Melchior

While several international organisations have argued that income gaps between countries have increased during the last decades, the opposite conclusion is obtained if countries are weighted according to their population size, and if price-level-adjusted income data are applied. Inequality measures that give higher weight to the poorest countries also support this conclusion. Due to falling incomes in a number of poor countries, however, the gap between the richest and poorest countries has widened, and unambiguous conclusions about welfare are difficult to draw.

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