Institutional Capital in EU Candidate Countries

An analysis using the Rule of Law and Economic Freedom Index

• Author(s): Aida Llozana & Megi Marku • Published: June 2024
• Pages in paper: 33


In economic theory, a growing understanding of the crucial connection between institutional capital and economic development. Modern economists stress that institutional capital is key to shaping an economic progress, influencing the policies of organisations like the World Bank and IMF, as North (1994) points out. This is especially important for developing countries. Efficient institutional capital plays a crucial role in the aspirations of candidate countries waiting European Union (EU) membership. These countries must cultivate strong institutions as the foundation of their path toward EU integration, given the strict criteria and expectations set forth by the EU. To conduct a comprehensive and complex analysis of a country’s institutional capital, there are used two separate indexes: the Rule of Law Index and the Economic Freedom Index. These indexes provide clear but complementary insights into various aspects of a nation’s institutional efficiency.

Register for personal access to all papers for just £47.99

To download papers you need a subscription to World Economics Journal.
Get access to the full 20 year archive of thousands of papers and abstracts.

Order online now for 1 years immediate access for 1 user via username/password.

You do not need a PayPal account to pay by card.

Institutional Subscriptions, Contact Us
Existing Subscriber Log-in

More Papers From These Authors in World Economics:

A Matter of Wealth, Intangible Wealth and Sustainable Development
Author: Megi Marku

Wealth disparities among countries with varying levels of natural resources have been a long-standing topic of debate. Despite numerous hypotheses proposed over the years, a new concept has recently emerged that is gaining traction among scholars. This concept, known as intangible wealth, is derived from a World Bank study and comprises non-material factors such as human capital, institutional efficiency and effective governance. The intangible wealth hypothesis posits that these intangible factors play a crucial role in explaining the differences between poor and rich countries. By emphasising the importance of intangible wealth, this concept challenges conventional notions of wealth that focus solely on natural resources and material assets. Intangible wealth has emerged as a new concept that explains the differences in economic prosperity among countries. The concept emphasises the importance of factors such as human capital, institutional quality and efficient governance in promoting economic growth. Policymakers can use this concept as a framework for developing policies that promote sustainable economic growth. By focusing on intangible assets, countries can create an environment that is conducive to economic prosperity.

Read Full Paper >