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Policy Area Papers on Education

Financial Crises and Social Spending Financial Crises and Social Spending: The impact of the 2008–2009 crisis
Maureen Lewis & Marijn Verhoeven, World Economics, December 2010
Financial crises in developing and transition countries have often proven disruptive to policies and programmes due to procyclical trends in government spending growth. Given the importance and significant proportion of public budgets devoted to education and health, cu ... More

Education in a Globalized World Education in a Globalized World
David E. Bloom, World Economics, December 2006
The arguments in favor of education rest on various premises: legal and humanitarian—that children are entitled to an education as a basic human right; economic—that countries will advance faster when people are educated; social and political-that education is essential ... More

Opening Up Trade in Higher Education Opening Up Trade in Higher Education: A role for GATS?
J. R. Shackleton, World Economics, December 2003
Internationalisation of higher education is too often treated as an issue for universities and national governments alone. The expansion of trade in HE services is part of a wider picture. The demand for liberalisation of world trade in all types of services has led ... More