Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

Our publication ethics and publication malpractice statement is mainly based on the Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (Committee on Publication Ethics, 2011).


At World Economics, the integrity of our academic content and publishing process is paramount. This document outlines the best practice principles that we apply to our journal. These guidelines and policies are for authors, peer reviewers and editors.

Editorial Board

Full listings of the World Economics Editorial Review Board and Advisory Board can be found on our web site in the Editorial Board section.

Authors and Authors Responsibilities

Fees and publications costs
There is no charge to an author(s) to submit to manuscript for review and there is no charge for publishing an accepted submission.

Reporting standards
Authors of original research reports should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable.

Data access and retention
Authors could be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the paper for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable. In any event, authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals for at least ten years after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or other data centre), provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and legal rights concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release.

Originality, plagiarism and acknowledgement of sources
Authors will submit only entirely original works, and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work should also be cited.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication
In general, papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal. Submitting the same paper to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable. Manuscripts which have been published as copyrighted material elsewhere cannot be submitted. In addition, manuscripts under review by the journal should not be resubmitted to copyrighted publications. However, by submitting a manuscript, the author(s) retain the rights to the published material. In case of publication they permit the use of their work under a CC-BY license, which allows others to copy, distribute and transmit the work as well as to adapt the work and to make commercial use of it.

Authorship of the article
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. The corresponding author ensures that all contributing co-authors and no uninvolved persons are included in the author list. We expect the corresponding author to confirm that they have the authority to act on behalf of all co-authors in all matters pertaining to publication of the manuscript including supplementary material. The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining such agreements and for informing the co-authors of the manuscript’s status throughout the submission, review, and publication process. The corresponding author will also verify that all co-authors have approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest
All authors should include a statement disclosing any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and to cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper in form of an erratum.

Peer Review Process Requirement
All authors are obliged to participate in the peer review process if requested as set out in the following section.

Image Manipulation, Falsification and Fabrication
Where research data are collected or presented as images, modifying these images can sometimes misrepresent the results obtained or their significance. World Economics recognises that there can be legitimate reasons for modifying images, but we expect authors to avoid modifying images where this leads to the falsification, fabrication, or misrepresentation of their results.

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (2011, March 7). Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. Retrieved from

Editorial Process

We are committed to editorial independence, and strive in all cases to prevent this principle from being compromised through conflicts of interest, fear, or any other corporate, business, financial or political influence. Our editorial processes reflect this commitment to editorial independence.

We do not discriminate against authors, editors or peer reviewers based on personal characteristics or identity.
  • Proposals submitted for our journal are initially reviewed by inhouse editors, who may also consult relevant external editors or subject specialists. If the proposal is suitable for consideration by World Economics, the article, along with supporting content, will be sent to a minimum of two peer reviewers. The peer reviewers’ assessments are used to inform the editor’s decision as to whether or not to recommend publication. Our editors are free to solicit additional reviews and guidance when required.
  • Editorial decisions on articles submitted to our journals are made by external academic editors and based on independent peer review reports. We consider appeals on editorial decisions for articles which have been revised, but only when new information relevant to the editorial decision has been made available, or if there is reason to believe we did not follow our Code of Ethics or these Research Publishing Ethics Guidelines. All appeals should be made to the publisher in the first instance.
We do not tolerate abusive behaviour or correspondence towards our staff and others involved in the publishing process. If anyone involved in this process engages in such behaviour we have the right to take action to protect others from this abuse. This may include, for example, withdrawal of a manuscript from consideration, or challenging clearly abusive peer review comments.

Peer-review Process

All journal content is subject to peer-review. Peer-review is defined as "obtaining advice on individual manuscripts from reviewers’ expert in the field of publication,". All authors will be notified of the peer review process before commencement and the author will be provided feedback in accordance with the key areas listed below:

Contribution to editorial decisions
The peer-reviewing process assists the editor and the editorial board in making editorial decisions and may also serve the author in improving the paper. All authors if requested are expected to work with the review board should queries arise.

Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and withdraw from the review process.

Any manuscripts received for review are treated as confidential documents. They are not disclosed or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor. World Economics protects the confidentiality of participants in the peer review process where anonymity forms part of that publication’s peer review process

Standards of objectivity
Reviews are conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of sources
Reviewers will attempt to identify cases in which relevant published work referred to in the paper has not been cited in the reference section. They will point out whether observations or arguments derived from other publications are accompanied by the respective source. Reviewers will notify the editor of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge. Disclosure and conflict of interest, privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers must not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the papers.

Publication Ethics / Editors / Publishers Responsibilities

World Economics takes it’s publication responsibilities seriously. World Economics and the Editors ahead to appropriate publication ethics with the following principles:

Publication decisions
The editor is responsible for deciding which of the papers submitted to the journal will be published. The editor will evaluate manuscripts without regard to the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy. The decision will be based on the paper’s importance, originality and clarity, and the study’s validity and its relevance to the journal's scope. Current legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism is also be considered.

The editor and any editorial staff will not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted paper will not be used by the editor or the members of the editorial board for their own research purposes without the author's explicit written consent.

Libel, defamation and freedom of expression
Freedom of expression is critical to us as academic publishers, but we do not support publishing false statements that harm the reputation of individuals, groups, or organisations. Our team will endeavour to advise and call-out on issues of liable in our pre-publication reviews, World Economics and will also address allegations of libel in any of our publications.

The publisher and editors will take reasonable steps and prevent the publication of papers where known research misconduct has occurred. In no event shall the journals publisher or its editors encourage such misconduct, or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place.

Dealing with misconduct
Should the publisher or editors become aware of any allegations of misconduct the publisher will halt production of any “to-be” published material while an investigation is carried out. If the misconduct is attributed to a piece already published, the works will be marked clearly with a notice that there is a formal investigation underway and a result pending.

Fraudulent research and research misconduct
Where World Economics are made aware of fraudulent research or research misconduct by an author, the publisher will undertake a review of the content. Any article found to include fraudulent content will be retracted, or an appropriate correction or expression of concern will be issued.

Plagiarism is defined as ‘using someone else’s ideas, words, data, or other material produced by them without acknowledgement’.

World Economics does not tolerate plagiarism in our publication, and we reserve the right to check all submissions through appropriate plagiarism checking tools. Submissions containing suspected plagiarism, in whole or part, will be rejected. If plagiarism is discovered post publication, World Economics will follow our guidance outlined in the Retractions, Corrections and Expressions of Concern section of these guidelines. All suspicions of Plagiarism should be brought up confidentially with the publisher.

Duplicate or redundant publication, or ‘self-plagiarism’ is rejected by World Economics and any manuscription suspected of violating these guidelines will be rejected.

Retracting and correcting articles
Journal editors will consider retractions, corrections or expressions of concern in line with COPE’s Retraction Guidelines. If an author is found to have made an error, the journal will issue a corrigendum. If the journal is found to have made an error, they will issue an erratum. Retractions are usually reserved for articles that are so seriously flawed that their findings or conclusions should not be relied upon. World Economics and the Editors may make minor changes such as those which would likely occur during typesetting or proofreading, but any substantive corrections will be carried out in line with COPE’s Retraction Guidelines.

Formal notices
The publishers and editors are willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed and publish them clearly within the journal and the web site.

Copyright and Access

Copywrite and licence information can be found on the journals web sites. See: Terms and Conditions.

Access to the Journal and it’s published articles is via a subscription at a institutional or personal rate.

The Website

All journal papers, review board, editors details and this Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement are available at

Publishing Schedule

World Economics is published quarterly. The publication has been continuously published since 1999.

Name of the Journal

The formal name of the Journal is “World Economics” or more commonly known as the “World Economics Journal”. The Journal aims to provide a focused outlet for high quality peer reviewed research, on the use, measurement, accuracy, and improvement of economic data.


All journal content is stored at the British Library in perpetuity and available via the ISSN / E-ISSN: 1468-1838 / 1474-3884

Ownership and Management

World Economics Ltd. and World Economics Journal are wholly owned by the Information Sciences Limited group. UK Company registration number: 01862026.