Opening Up Trade in Higher Education: A role for GATS?
J. R. Shackleton
Published: December 2003
Internationalisation of higher education is too often treated as an issue for
universities and national governments alone. The expansion of trade in HE
services is part of a wider picture. The demand for liberalisation of world trade in
all types of services has led to the creation of the General Agreement on Trade in
Services (GATS). This article outlines the GATS processes, notes the scale of
trade in higher education and considers the existence of barriers to its further
expansion. The case for and against greater liberalisation is discussed, concluding
that issues raised by GATS will not go away and are likely increasingly to affect
the domestic HE agenda.