Gender Inequality in the Indian Informal Economy

Sandeep Kaur & Nidhi Walia

Published: December 2022

This article seeks to understand the different dimensions of informal employment in India from a gender perspective. It also seeks to understand the social and economic impact of COVID-19 lockdowns on the lives of female informal workers in Ludhiana (Punjab). Gender pay gaps are larger in the informal sectors examined than in the formal sector. The COVID-19 pandemic has deepened existing social and economic inequalities, resulting in loss of jobs, low income, increasing the burden of household work, concerns about payment of rent and limited access to health services for female informal workers.

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