Christopher E.S. Warburton holds a PhD in international economics from Fordham University in New York. He currently teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in economics at John Jay College of the City University of New York. His research interests include international trade law, exchange rate valuation, macroeconomic performance, and economic integration, including optimum currency areas. He has authored several papers and books including: ‘Globalization and structural unemployment in the US manufacturing sector’, ‘International trade law and trade theory’, Essentials of Finance and Forensic Economics, and The Delicts and Criminal Laws of International Economic Relations.